Portfolio Management Services helps the investors in knowing the appropriate type of investments in which they can invest. It helps in knowing volatile investments to those set of investors with an aggressive profile. It is known as the blend of art and science for building the decisions relating to investment mix and policy, allocation of assets, and forecast the risks. It helps a budding investor to know about the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats at the time of choosing between debt and equity, and in trade-offs.
Asset Allocation- This is a feature of PMS which helps an investor to choose a stable investment when his investment profile is more conservative. It helps the shareholders to gain the maximum returns by allowing them to invest in an amalgam of assets that have a low correlation with each other.
Diversification- It always remains uncertain to predict the winners and losers, so the most sensible approach is to create a list of investments that can provide wide-spread exposure within an asset class.
Rebalancing- In order to inform an investor about his risk/return profile, rebalancing is an essential method. Without the usage of this method, there are risks that the market movements could reveal the collection to greater risk and reduce the probabilities of yielding profits.
The recent era of advanced IT has given birth too many financial portfolio management software that is used for the active operation of portfolio strategies through the help of available resources. At present time PMS signify the US$2.4 billion market and these systems are defined as IT-enabled systems. Their use has been significant in managing the portfolios of distant clients. These management systems are known for giving an essential to the companies which range from mutual funds, hedge funds, institutional accounts and insurance.
PMS has increased over the past many years. Investment and assets management firms spend more on these solutions.
PMS is further bifurcated into Discretionary, Non-Discretionary Management Services Active Management, and Passive Management Service. In discretionary management service, the fund manager takes the investment on behalf of the investor while in later service the manager suggests investment idea to the client.
The role of an active portfolio manager is to help an investor in gaining the better returns as per market's indication. He buys stocks when they are underrated and sells them when their prices rise above the normal price. It comprises a quantitative analysis of companies who control the cost of shares in respect to the market potential. While using this method, an active manager relies more on ratios instead of a market hypothesis.
Often recalled as the process of indexing, analysing and investing the investor's fund in the market index like Dow Jones. Its services are opposite to the active management. Investors who apply to this theory believe in the efficient market hypothesis. The benefit of using this management service is that it aims in reflecting the company's detail in the price of the stock. It allows passive managers to experiment in index funds that have low income but good long-term value. In addition to all these things, it also aids in investing the cash in percentage wise proportion to the market capitalization.
It is the most advantageous portfolio management service as it allows the directory manager to make decisions on behalf of the investor. Since the manager knows the goals and objectives of an investor, it becomes easy for him to strategize his plans.
This type of portfolio service prohibits the manager to act on behalf of the investor. He works as the financial advisor and advises the investor about the actual time to buy and sell shares.
The difference between PMS and Mutual Fund
In PMS, fund manager authorizes his power to operate the money while the investor holds the stock in the demat account which is owned by him.
People who invest in the Portfolio Management Service embrace many fruitful benefits like transparent holding, the possibility of a high return and fully customized to the needs.
PMS is regulated by SEBI, it guarantees transparency to every shareholder and provides a clear indication to the shareholder about shares. The role of PMS providers is said to be essential as they reveal a lot about the company's financial decisions to the investors. Therefore the transparency for PMS shareholders gets increases
Funds generated from PMS tend to give higher returns than any mutual funds. The first reason is that PMS providers dedicate more time and energy in searching for the quality stocks and on holding them for a quite long time. Secondly, PMS is known to be more flexible, structured in comparison to mutual funds and thus generate higher monetary returns.
In PMS, the shareholders subscribe the entire units of the pre-created portfolio which make PMS more customised. It also enhances the portfolio of a shareholder by providing a mass of online add-ons like portfolio access, portfolio analytics, and content. Thus, the probability of getting more value to the portfolio gets increases.
The biggest disadvantage of PMS is that it incurs high expense cost to the investors. If we compare the expense ratio in the case of equity mutual fund it is near around (1.7-2.25%) which is slightly low in comparison to PMS (3.5% to 5.5%). In case of any financial crises, the high expense will take away some amount of money from your returns.
In PMS tax is charged at each at each interval while investment is made in more than one year. It happens because PMS is considered as a portfolio which is owned in your demat account.